The forecast covers the period up to 2035. It describes dynamic trends that will shape the future of the world during the nearest 20 years. The aim of this study is to foresee the challenges awaiting the world and the forthcoming opportunities which can be used in the interests of the Russian state, ensuring its role as an active participant in the formation of the future world order. The book presents a general analysis of the main trends of world development, its spiritual culture, ideology, politics, innovation, economy, social sphere and interna tional security, the problems of globalization and regionalism. The final section of the book presents strategic recommendations for Russia. Prospective readers of this book include staff members of government institutions and management bodies, research, expert and business communities. It also may be recommended for student scholars of international affairs.
The present article examines a recent advisory opinion handed down by the Eurasian Economic Union Court. In the remarkably bold decision, the Court continued to push for the construction of a veritable EAEU internal market. It managed, within one advisory opinion, to further the coherence of its internal market law reasoning, expand on the principles of direct effect and primacy as well as the horizontal effect of fundamental freedoms in EAEU law, provide important definitions in EAEU law, strengthen the authority of the Commission and its decisions and emphasize the duty of loyal cooperation of Member States for the full effectiveness and successful implementation of EAEU law. As only criticism, one may deplore the EAEU Court’s lack of effort to start building a coherent jurisprudence by means of referring to its own case law.
As the digitalization becomes the key factor to raise the competitiveness of companies, as well as of the investment attractiveness of recipient countries, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) may find it difficult to benefit from this process. The research question is why Vietnam, in spite of successful efforts to increase its investment attractiveness, may miss opportunities presented by the emerging digital business environment. The academic novelty of the paper account for the reveal of the repercussions generated by the global trend towards the digitalization of businesses for Vietnam. The approach to the research question is based upon general academic methods like observation, study of documents and comparison. The primary sources of the paper, a significant part of which is published in the Vietnamese language, include the statistics of Ministry of Finance of Vietnam, Ministry of planning and investment of Vietnam, interviews with the SRV’s government officials, as well as the UNCTAD and the World Bank reports. The principal findings of the study reveal that while Vietnam has succeeded in strengthening its attractiveness as an investment destination, the country still possesses insufficient resources to respond to the forthcoming global digitalization of businesses and incentivize companies to continue investing in the SRV. In this connection, a set of recommendations on how to rectify maters is presented by the authors.
The article contains an analysis of the main legal findings of the EAEU Court in 2017–2018. The case-law of the EAEU Court is analysed examined from several perspectivesangles: its influence on the application of EAEU law in the Union and the Member-States and from a comparative perspective taking EU law and the case-law of the CJEU as a point of reference. The Court’s judgments and advisory opinions addressed various issues pertaining to competition law, customs regulation, free movement of goods and workers, labour relations with the EAEU bodies’ employees and officials. Most notably, the Court has formulated the essential properties characteristics of EAEU law and provided a definition for the types of policies implemented by the Union. The establishment by the Court of the properties characteristics of EAEU law — such as primacy, direct effect and direct applicability — constitutes, according to the authors, a necessary precondition for its effective development and application, and paves the way for its use to protect the individuals’ rights and legitimate interests in the national legal systems.The article contains an analysis of the main legal findings of the EAEU Court in 2017–2018. The case-law of the EAEU Court is analysed examined from several perspectivesangles: its influence on the application of EAEU law in the Union and the Member-States and from a comparative perspective taking EU law and the case-law of the CJEU as a point of reference. The Court’s judgments and advisory opinions addressed various issues pertaining to competition law, customs regulation, free movement of goods and workers, labour relations with the EAEU bodies’ employees and officials. Most notably, the Court has formulated the essential properties characteristics of EAEU law and provided a definition for the types of policies implemented by the Union. The establishment by the Court of the properties characteristics of EAEU law — such as primacy, direct effect and direct applicability — constitutes, according to the authors, a necessary precondition for its effective development and application, and paves the way for its use to protect the individuals’ rights and legitimate interests in the national legal systems.
The article is devoted to the problems of the development of modern
relations of Russia, China and the Pacific states of Latin America. Author focuses
on potential of cooperation of these states in multilateral formats and dialogues and
the reform of the economic and institutional order in the Asia-Pacific. The relevance
of such cooperation is increasing due to the crisis of the international order that has
emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. This crisis manifests itself in two aspects. First,
we may observe a certain lack of institutions of regulation of economic relations
and ideas for their further development. Such a complex agenda is shaped by Russia
and China in relation to Eurasia (the concept of “Greater Eurasia”), but the promotion
of a similar agenda in the APEC faces many contradictions. Second, the Asia-Pacific
region is becoming an area of confrontation between the United States and China,
which is also manifested in the struggle for the future configuration of the regional
order in the region. The Pacific countries of Latin America were
not affected by either the Russian or Chinese mega-initiatives of recent years, which
are aimed precisely at creating a new international order. Meanwhile, these countries
are APEC members and participants in many regional initiatives, as well as potentially
significant economic partners for both Russia and China. Moreover, the author believes
that a similar level of economic development and similar needs objectively bring together
the views and approaches of the leading Eurasian powers and the Pacific states of Lat-
in America to the development of multilateral institutions of the regional order. However,
the historically established institutional and political linkage of these countries to
the United States currently determines their support for American initiatives. This provision,
however, is not a given, and some irregularity of the American regional policy under
the Trump administration makes the development of dialogue with these countries on
the broad problems of multilateral cooperation in Eurasia and the Asia-Pacific region
even more in demand. The author considers the proposed analysis
and some conclusions as an opportunity for academic and expert discussion on the
The article analyzes Russia’s policy from the point of view of goals formulated by the government in response to challenges in international politics, economics and security, as well as challenges associated with the threat of losing the status of a great power, maintaining territorial integrity and independence. Russia’s dissatisfaction with the existing order of things – when its interests were not taken into account, and the West did not set any limits for itself, advancing its geopolitical interests - had been growing for a long time, however, most clearly manifested itself in the land-mark 2014 when Western sanctions after the Crimean events pushed the Russian authorities and business to more active in the Asia-Pacific. The authors formulate a number of signs of the new regional order of the Asia-Pacific countries, which may develop into a new international (global) order. This type of system, according to the authors, will be more competitive and less hierarchical, within its framework there will not be a single dominant force or ideology, it will be based on a multitude of centers of power. Such a world order is more attractive for Russia than the unipolar Atlantic order. It will give the country the opportunity to use its own comparative advantages, such as territory, resources, hard power, a fairly rigid political organization and the ability to mobilize re-sources for strategic purposes. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that the modern non-Western world is still very amorphous, its future contours are blurred, and Asian business is still weakly responding to the Russian “turn to the East”.